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Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Muscular Pain

Muscular pain is a common health condition that causes discomfort and soreness of muscles. It may be caused by an overuse or strain of muscles, which can lead to spasms, cramping, weakness, and fatigue. Other common causes include injury from direct trauma such as sports falls, accidents, surgery, or other activities. In some cases, the cause may not be apparent. Conditions such as fibromyalgia, arthritis, and myofascial pain syndrome can also contribute to muscle pain and tenderness.

Muscular Pain Overview

Muscular pain, also known as muscle pain or myalgia, is pain that occurs in the muscles of the body. It can range from a mild, dull ache to a severe, sharp pain. Muscular pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including muscle strain, muscle spasm, muscle fatigue, and muscle injury. It can also be a symptom of certain medical conditions, such as fibromyalgia or polymyalgia rheumatica.

Muscular pain can be treated with a variety of methods

  • Rest
  • Physical therapy
  • Pain medication
  • Hot or cold therapy
 

Common Causes of Muscular Pain

A muscle strain occurs when the muscles are stretched or torn due to overuse, improper use, or an acute injury.

There are many potential causes of muscular pain, including:

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    1. Muscle spasm: This is an involuntary contraction of the muscles that can cause pain and discomfort.
    2. Muscle fatigue: This occurs when the muscles become tired or overworked, leading to pain and weakness.
    3. Muscle injury: This can occur due to trauma, such as a sports injury or a fall, and can cause pain and swelling.
    4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as fibromyalgia and polymyalgia rheumatica, can cause muscle pain.
    5. Medications: Some medications, such as statins and NSAIDs, can cause muscle pain as a side effect.
    6. Infections: Viral or bacterial infections can sometimes cause muscle pain.
    7. Stress and anxiety: Emotional stress and anxiety can lead to muscle tension, which can cause pain.
    8. Poor posture: Maintaining poor posture for long periods of time can lead to muscle strain and pain.
    9. Aging: As we age, the muscles naturally become weaker, which can lead to pain and stiffness.
 

Muscular Pain Symptoms

Symptoms of muscular pain may include:

  • Aches or pains in the muscles
  • Muscle stiffness or tightness
  • Difficulty moving or using the affected muscles
  • Swelling or tenderness in the affected muscles
  • Redness or warmth in the affected area

In some cases, muscular pain may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty sleeping


If you are experiencing severe or persistent muscle pain, or if other symptoms accompany the pain, you should see a healthcare provider for evaluation.

 

Common Muscular Pain Conditions

Several common medical conditions can cause muscle pain, including:

  • Fibromyalgia: This is a chronic pain disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and tender points throughout the body.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: This is a condition that causes muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the neck, shoulders, and hips.
  • Myofascial pain syndrome: This is a chronic pain disorder that affects the fascia (connective tissue) surrounding the muscles. It can cause tender points and muscle spasms.
  • Myositis: This is a group of inflammatory disorders that cause muscle weakness and pain.
  • Statin-induced myopathy: Some statin medications, which are used to lower cholesterol, can cause muscle pain and weakness as a side effect.
  • NSAID-induced myopathy: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can cause muscle pain and weakness as a side effect.

In most cases, muscular pain will resolve on its own with time and proper self-care. However, if the pain is severe or persistent, or if it is accompanied by other symptoms such as weakness, fever, or swelling, contact us to schedule and appointment for evaluation.

Muscular Pain FAQ

Here are some answers to commonly asked questions about muscular pain:

There are many potential causes of muscle pain, including muscle strain, muscle spasm, muscle fatigue, muscle injury, and certain medical conditions.

A healthcare provider will typically ask about your medical history, perform a physical exam, and may order imaging tests (such as an X-ray or MRI) to help diagnose the cause of your muscle pain.

The treatment for muscle pain will depend on the cause of the pain and the severity of the symptoms. Treatment may include rest, physical therapy, pain medication, and hot or cold therapy.

In many cases, muscle pain can be prevented by engaging in regular exercise, practicing good posture, and avoiding activities that put undue strain on the muscles.

If you are experiencing muscle pain that is severe or persistent, or if the pain is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, weakness, or swelling, you should see a healthcare provider for evaluation.

Depending on the cause and severity of your muscle pain, it may be safe to engage in low-impact exercises such as walking or swimming. However, it’s important to listen to your body and stop if you experience any pain or discomfort. You should also consult with a healthcare provider or physical therapist before starting any exercise program if you have muscle pain.